Supporting Research

1)   In 1975,  over fifty studies conducted since 1962 were surveyed by three psychiatrists at Dartmouth Medical School on the impact of video playback on behavior change. Their conclusions are clear about the power and potential for healing of watching oneself with professional support:

“The preponderance of research has found self-confrontation via videotape efficacious. Videotape serves as an objective record of events. Comparison of therapists’ dictated session notes to the videotape of the same session reveals the limits, distortion, and personal bias in one person’s observations and recall. Also, it may allow the therapist and client to share the replay on a democratic and egalitarian basis, since the humanness of both is evident for all to see.”

“Essentially, self-confrontation via videotape playback supports the concept that the more the individual knows about his or her behavior, the more that person is in position to do something about it.”/

Complete article: Videotape Playback and  Psychotherapy: A Review, Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice (Sanborn, Sanborn and Pyke, 1975, p.185)

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2)   In 2009, Carlyn asked licensed therapists to have a VMF session as part of her qualitative study supported by the Five College Women’s Studies Research Center. Nine out of the ten therapists rated this approach “effective” and “useful.”

More than half added “very” to these ratings. All agreed that VMF strongly contributes to development of the kind of self-awareness that leads to lasting healing, growth, and change. The participant with reservations understood the survey question in relation to her own practice with trauma clients. She did not feel that her clients were ready for this approach.

Carlyn’s 2009 research was supervised by Pat Romney, PhD, Department of Psychology,
Mount Holyoke College, South Hadley, MA.

Please call or write for more information on this unpublished research.
Presentations available.

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3)   Non-confrontive Use of Video Playback to Promote Change in Brief Family Therapy, Journal of Marital and Family Therapy, Volume 18, Issue 1, pages 63–69, January 1992.

This paper describes a non-confrontive use of video playback in brief family therapy. Replaying critical transactions from previous sessions, while maintaining a neutral and nonconfrontive therapeutic stance, encourages an atmosphere which is conducive to change. The technique allows family members to re-experience their own interactional patterns in a non-threatening manner, enabling them to consider the meanings they attach to their family experience in different and productive ways.

Research on the Efficacy of Coaching

  •  80% of coaching clients reported progress in their personal lives, including improved self-confidence, better communication skills, improved life-work balance, and more satisfaction and ease in their relationships.*
  • 70% of individual clients reported improvements in their business lives – including increased productivity, improved work performance, business and time management, and team effectiveness.*
  • Businesses saw an average return of 7 times their initial investment in coaching; individual clients reported an average return of over 3 times their investment.*
  • 96% of clients surveyed reported that they would again seek out coaching as a solution to a challenge.*

why coaching works


* Survey conducted by the International Coach Federation in 2009: and Why Coaching Works chart.